Laying Bricks for building success:

Overview:

Masonry comprises of a great part in the constitution of any building. It could be a RCC framed structure or a Load bearing construction, the masonry has a special place .

This series of posts bring the topic for discussion at an introductory stage.

Types of buildings:
Before starting discussions, let us see what are the various types of structures :

1.Framed structures:

The load of slab is taken by beams which transfer load to columns and columns transfer load to the footings or piles.

So in framed structures , Walls don’t carry any load except self weight.

Main purpose of walls in a framed structure is protection of the occupants & goods against nature

( wind, sun ,dust and rains) and of course to provide protection from  theft.

The walls are therefore known as Panel walls or Partition walls.

RCC FRAMED STRUCTURE. [ Brickwork about to commence ]
RCC FRAMED STRUCTURE.
[ Brickwork about to commence ]
2.Load bearing construction:

The load of slab is taken by beams which transfer load to walls and walls  transfer load to the wall foundation or piles.

Thus purpose of walls in a load bearing is two fold:

1.To transfer load to the wall foundation or piles.
2. To protect the occupants & goods against nature ( wind, sun ,dust and rains) and to provide protection from  theft.

NEWLY ERECTED SITE OFFICE  is a LOAD BEARING STRUCTURE
NEWLY ERECTED SITE OFFICE is a LOAD BEARING STRUCTURE
Materials for masonry:

1.Red clay bricks
2.Fly ash bricks
3.Hollow concrete blocks.
4.AAC blocks: Auto-claved Aerated concrete blocks 

5.Stone masonry: 

RED CLAY BRICKS stacked at the construction site. The size of this brick is : 8" x 6" x 4"
RED CLAY BRICKS stacked at the construction site.
The size of this brick is :
8″ x 6″ x 4″
AAC BLOCKS MASONRY. [Stretcher Bond ]
AAC BLOCKS MASONRY.
[Stretcher Bond ]
AAC BLOCKS stacked at the site. AUTOCLAVED AERATED CONCRETE BLOCKS also known as CLC or Cellular Lightweight concrete
AAC BLOCKS stacked at the site.
AUTO CLAVED AERATED CONCRETE BLOCKS also known as CLC or Cellular Lightweight concrete

Joining materials:
1.Lime mortar:
2.Cement mortar:
3.Chemicals :

TRAY FOR MIXING CEMENT MORTAR at the location of brickwork
TRAY FOR MIXING CEMENT MORTAR at the location of brickwork
LOOK AT THE AAC BLOCKS MASONRY  IN  high rise building
LOOK AT THE AAC BLOCKS MASONRY IN high rise building

Author’s note :

In subsequent posts , we shall review the following :

1. Need for breaking the joints

2.What is a ” frog ” and what is the purpose ?

3.What is the checklist for taking up brickwork ?

4.What is Raking ?

5.What are the advantages of a AAC masonry over conventional Brick work ?

6. What is a bond ?

7.What are the different types of bonds in use ?

8.What is a Stretcher ?

9.What is a Header ?

10. What are the quality checks for bricks ?

11.What are the quality checks for workmanship in masonry ?

We shall explore through all these issues one by one giving full focus to individual issue.

Till then ,

Good bye

Happy Reading

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